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Most Useful Words in Turkey

Turkish Lesson 1, Greetings! Here are your first ten words of Turkish. You can learn them in just a few minutes today and you'll use them every day - several times - during your travels in Turkey:   

  ENGLISH TURKISH PRONONCIATION
1 Hello Merhaba MEHR-hah-bah  
2 Good morning, good day Günaydın gew-nahy-DUHN  
3 Good evening İyi akşamlar EE ahk-shahm-LAHR  
4 Good night İyi geceler EE geh-jeh-LEHR
5 Goodbye Allaha ısmarladık ah-LAHS-mahr-lah-duhk  
6 Bon voyage Güle güle gew-LEH gew-LEH  
7 What is your name? Adınız ne? AH-duh-NUHZ neh  
8 My name is… Adım… Ah-DUHM…  
9 How are you? Nasılsınız? NAHS-suhl-suh-nuhz  
10 I'm fine, thank you. İyiyim, teşekkür ederim. ee-YEE-yihm, tesh-ek-KEWR eh-dehr-eem  

Turkish social interaction tends to be very polite. Turkish Lesson 2, Pardon Me,Words 11 to 20, gives you the words you need: 

11 Pardon me Affedersiniz, pardon af-feh-DEHR-see-neez, pahr-DOHN  
12 Yes/no Evet/hayır eh-VEHT/HAH-yuhr  
13 Please. Lütfen. LEWT-fehn  
14 Help yourself. Buyurun(uz). BOOY-roon-(ooz)  
15 Thanks. Teşekkürler. Sağ ol. Mersi. teh-sheh-kewr-LEHR. SOWL. mehr-SEE.  
16 You're welcome. Bir şey değil. beer SHEHY deh-YEEL  
17 Friend Arkadaş Ar-kah-DAHSH  
18 What? Ne? NEH  
19 How? Nasil? NAH-suhl  
20 Who? Kim? KEEM  

Here's Turkish Lesson 3Why? When? Which? Words 21 to 31 to help you get what you want in Turkey:  

21 Why? Niçin, neden? NEE-cheen, NEH-dehn
22 When? Ne zaman? NEH zah-mahn
23 Which one? Hangisi? HAHN-gee-see
24 What's this? Bu ne? BOO neh
25 How much/many? Kaç/kaç tane? KAHCH/tah-neh
26 What does it mean? Ne demek? NEH deh-mehk
27 Give me ... ... bana verin bah-NAH veh-reen
28 I want ... ... istiyorum eess-tee-YOH-room
29 ...this ... bu(nu) ...boo(NOO)
30 ...that ... su(nu) ...shoo(NOO)
31 ...the other ... o(nu) ...oh(NOO)

Here's Lesson 4, New-Old, Hot-Cold, Words 32 to 40 (short lesson today - only 9 "words"...but they're really all pairs of words.)

32 hot/cold sıcak/soğuk suh-JAHK/soh-OOK
33 big/small büyük/küçük bew-YEWK/kew-CHEWK
34 new/old yeni/eski yeh-NEE/ehss-KEE
35 open/closed açık/kapalı ah-CHUHK/kah-pah-LUH
36 not ... ... değil deh-YEEL
37 It exists/doesn't exist Var/yok VAHR/YOHK
38 And/or Ve/veya VEH/veh-YAH
39 Good/bad İyi/fenah EE-ee/ feh-NAH
40 Beautiful/ugly Güzel/çirkin gew-ZEHL/cheer-KEEN

Turkish Lesson 5, Where Is..., Words 41 to 50.  In Turkish, the place you're looking for—bus station, hotel, toilet, restaurant—comes first in the sentence, followed by nerede ("where is...").

41 Where is a/the ... ? ... nerede? NEH-reh-deh
42 __railway station __Gar/istasyon __GAHR, ees-tah-SYOHN
43 __bus station __Otogar __OH-toh-gahr
44 __cheap hotel __Ucuz bir otel __oo-JOOZ beer oh-TEHL
45 __toilet __Tuvalet __too-vah-LEHT
46 __restaurant __Lokanta __loh-KAHN-tah
47 __post office __Postane, PTT __POHSS-tah-neh, peh-teh-TEH
48 Room Oda OH-dah
49 Shower Duş DOOSH
50 Bath Banyo BAHN-yo

Here's Turkish Lesson 6, Turkish Bath & Tea, Words 51 to 61, mostly aboutwater and its uses...such as bathing and making tea

51 Turkish bath Hamam Hah-MAHM
52 Soap Sabun Sah-BOON
53 Toilet paper Tuvalet kâğıdı too-vah-LEHT kyaah-uh-duh
54 Hot water Sıcak su Suh_JAHK soo
55 Luggage Bagaj Bah-GAHZH
56 Clean Temiz The-MEEZ
57 Laundry Çamasır Chah-mah-SHUR
58 Light(s) Işık(lar) Uh-SHUK (uh-shuk-LAHR)
59 Money Para PAH-rah
60 Water Su SOO
61 Tea Çay CHAH-yee

Here's Turkish Lesson 7Going Places, Words 62 to 75 of the 100 Most Useful Words in Turkish

62 street, avenue sokak, cadde(si) soh-KAHK, JAHD-deh
63 Left/right Sol/ sağ SOHL/SAAH
64 straight (on) doğru doh-ROO
65 Here/ there/ over there Burada/ şurada/ orada BOO-rah-dah/ SHOO-rah-dah/ OH-rah-dah
66 Near/far Yakın/uzak yah-KUHN/oo-ZAHK
67 map harita HAH-ree-TAH
68 ticket bilet bee-LEHT
69 one-way/ xround- trip gidiş/ gidiş-dönüş gee-DEESH/ gee-DEESH-dur-NEWRSH
70 airplane uçak oo-CHAHK
71 airport havaalanı Hah-VAH-ah-lah-nuh
72 train tren TREHN
73 ship gemi GEH-mee
74 bus otobüs Oh-toh-BEWSS
75 car araba AH-rah-bah

Here's Turkish Lesson 8Days of the Week in Turkish, Words 76 to 86, of the 100 Most Useful Words in Turkish

76 Day, daily gün, hergün GURN, HEHR-gurn
77 today bugün BOO-gurn
78 tomorrow yarın YAHR-uhn
79 week hafta hahf-TAH
80 Sunday Pazar pah-ZAHR
81 Monday Pazartesi pah-ZAHR-teh-see
82 Tuesday Salı sah-LUH
83 Wednesday Çarsamba char-shahm-BAH
84 Thursday Persembe pehr-shehm-BEH
85 Friday Cuma joo-MAH
86 Saturday Cumartesi joo-MAHR-teh-see

Turkish Lesson 9, Months of the Year, Words 87 to 100: the Turkish months of the year.

87 month ay AH-yee
88 year sene, yıl SEH-neh, YUHL
89 January Ocak oh-JAHK
90 February Şubat shoo-BAHT
91 March Mart MAHRT
92 April Nisan nee-SAHN
93 May Mayıs mah-YUSS
94 June Haziran HAH-zee-RAHN
95 July Temmuz teh-MOOZ
96 August Ağustos AH-oo-STOHSS
97 September Eylül ehy-LEWL
98 October Ekim eh-KEEM
99 November Kasım kah-SUHM
100 December Aralık AH-rah-LUHK

Here are the Turkish cardinal numbers with pronunciation guides.

0 sıfır SUH-fuhr
-1/4 çeyrek chehy-REHK
-1/2 yarım YAH-ruhm
-1/2 buçuk boo-CHOOK
1 bir BEER
2 iki ee-KEE
3 üç EWCH
4 dört DURRT
5 beş BEHSH
6 altı ahl-TUH
7 yedi yeh-DEE
8 sekiz seh-KEEZ
9 dokuz doh-KOOZ
10 on OHN
11 on bir ohn BEER
12 on iki ohn ee-KEE
13 on üç ohn EWCH
20 yirmi yeer-MEE
30 otuz oh-TOOZ
40 kırk KUHRK
50 elli ehl-LEE
60 altmış ahlt-MUSH
70 yetmiş yeht-MEESH
80 seksen sehk-SEHN
90 doksan dohk-SAHN
100 yüz YEWZ
200 iki yüz ee-KEE yewz
1000 bin BEEN
2000 iki bin ee-KEE been
10,000 on bin OHN been
1,000,000 milyon meel-YOHN
1,000,000,000 milyar meel-YAHR
1,000,000,000,000 trilyon treel-YOHN
1,000,000,000,000,000 katrilyon kah-treel-YOHN
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